April 2022, Volume 72, Issue 4

Editorial

Four decades of urolithiasis: What has changed in our practice?

Manzoor Hussain  , Saeed Abidi

Urolithiasis is the most common urologic disease in Pakistan, which is treated and managed by urologists throughout their careers.1 Its exact prevalence and incidence has never been investigated in the country, but a few rough estimates show the disease prevalence to be 9-15%.2 The oldest study on urolithiasis on 400 patients, was published in 1975, which showed predominantly bladder stone disease accounting for 60% of all cases.3 After the first publication, about 35 papers have been published on this subject from Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi, Pakistan. SIUT is a major tertiary care urology and nephrology center with a catchment area extending to almost the entire country.

Role of physical therapy in women’s health

Faryal Zaidi  , Ishaq Ahmed

Women's health indicates an intimate health of a woman that is different from that of a man in many peculiar terms. The way a woman manifests her health and disease is quite different than that of a man with respect to her unique biological, behavioural and social perspectives. Although the biological differences are associated with high risk of developing ill health, the gender-differentiated access to medical interventions and basic education along with other socioeconomic factors play an important role in women's primary health care.1,2 In the whole world, woman's health is directly related to her reproductive health i.e. menstruation, birth control and menopause while ignoring all other health related issues.2,3 The WHO states that an undue focus on reproductive health deprives all women from getting good quality health care.4 So, the replacement of "Women's Health" with "The Health of Women" is a pressing need of time as women require health care and health care system more than that of men not just due to their reproductive and sexual health needs but also they have more chronic conditions like Diabetes, Osteoporosis, Cardiovascular diseases, mental illness and malignancies.5

RESEARCH ARTICLES

IN THIS ISSUE

LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association has agreed to receive and publish manuscripts in accordance with the principles of the following committees: