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October 2021, Volume 71, Issue 10


Inclusion of Research Methodology as a Major Subject in the Curriculum of Medical Studies in Pakistan

Usama Iqbal

Modern practice of medicine has evolved from intuitions and personal rationales to evidence based medicine (EBM). EBM demands a clinician to remain up to date with new developments, and to justify his/her decisions of clinical practice based on available evidence about the topic of interest. Research, critical thinking and literature search are part and parcel of EBM. A clinician should have a basic insight of research methodology and literature search even if they are not directly involved in a research project.

Nephrolithiasis: What role a nephrologist can play in prevention and management

Rubina Naqvi

Nephrolithiasis; is a common condition faced by surgeons and physicians dealing with renal disorders. It is more common in some parts of world than others and our country Pakistan lies in Afro-Asian stone belt. The highest prevalence was reported from Sindh and Punjab provinces in a survey done in 1930, when these provinces were part of united Indo-Pak region.1 The exact burden of disease in the country according to published reports shows a prevalence of 3-12%.2,3 Males are more commonly affected by renal stones as compared to females.4



Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association has agreed to receive and publish manuscripts in accordance with the principles of the following committees: