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June 2021, Volume 71, Issue 6


The rising menace of scholarly black-market: Challenges and solutions for improving research in low- and middle-income countries

Aamir Raoof Memon  , Farooq Azam Rathore

Academic integrity and ethical scientific research not only reflect the trustworthiness of the higher education institutions but also boost the respect and ranking of those institutions, their regulatory organisations and the countries they are based in. Academic institutions from high-income countries continuously strive to improve the quality of education and research to ultimately raise their ranking and prestige. However, higher education institutions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have a relative lack of quality education, training and mentorship.



Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association has agreed to receive and publish manuscripts in accordance with the principles of the following committees: