May 1993, Volume 43, Issue 5

Editorial

UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING IN CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE

Syed Hasnain Ali Shah

Gastrointestinal bleeding has been frequently reported as a complication of advanced chronic renal failure1-3 and is the cause of mortality in 3-7% of such patients4. However, mortality from gastrointestinal blood loss can be as high a

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association has agreed to receive and publish manuscripts in accordance with the principles of the following committees: