DISCLAIMER

The views and opinions expressed by the Journal of Pakistan Medical Association's (JPMA) contributing authors are not necessarily those of the JPMA editorial staff. Readers are invited to interact regarding JPMA authors' ideas through the author's email. JPMA is not responsible if the author does not or chooses not to respond to the query.

All material published in the JPMA undergoes strict peer review to ensure fair balance, objectivity, independence, and relevance to academic, educational and clinical needs. All reasonable precautions have been taken by the editors and the publisher to verify the material published i.e. drug names and doses, the results of experimental/field work and the clinical findings published in JPMA. The opinions expressed are exclusively those of the authors. The ultimate responsibility for the use and dosage of drugs mentioned in JPMA, and in the analysis and the interpretation of published material, lies with the medical practitioner/scientist/researcher (author). The editors and publisher can accept no liability whatsoever in respect of any claim for damages arising there from. However JPMA welcomes any errors identified and brought to the attention of editors.

Neither the editors of the JPMA, nor its publishers, nor any other party involved in the preparation of material contained in the JPMA represent or warrants that the information contained herein is in every respect accurate or complete, and they are not responsible for any errors or omissions or for the results obtained from the use of such material. Patients and consumers of medical drugs etc. described in published manuscripts posted on the website of the JPMA should review the information carefully with their professional healthcare provider. The information is not intended to replace medical advice offered by the physicians.

The JPMA and its publishers make no representations or warranties with respect to any treatment, action, or application of medication or preparation by any person following the information offered or provided within or through the JPMA. The JPMA and its publishers will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

JPMA may contain links to websites operated by other parties. These links are provided purely for educational and learning purposes. Such links do not imply JPMA's endorsement of material on any other site and JPMA disclaims all liability with regard to anyone's access of such linked websites.

The commercial parties e.g. drug and medical equipment manufacturers who purchase advertisements/supplements in the JPMA have no influence whatsoever on the editorial content of JPMA. The publishing of advertisements in JPMA does not imply endorsement of the product(s) or the company selling them by the JPMA or its editors.

Due to the above facts, authors must accept full responsibility for the content of their articles. The members of the editorial board and the JPMA are not responsible for the statements and opinions expressed by the authors in their articles/communications/letters published in the JPMA. To the fullest extent permitted by law, JPMA and its editors are not responsible for any losses, injury or damage, intellectual or psychological or physical or otherwise, caused to any person or property (including under contract, by negligence, products liability or otherwise) whether they be direct or indirect, special, incidental or consequential, resulting from the application of the information published in JPMA.

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association has agreed to receive and publish manuscripts in accordance with the principles of the following committees: