Islam Junaid ( Surgical Unit I, Civil Hospital and Dow Medical College, Karachi. )
Huma Qureshi ( Surgical Unit I, Civil Hospital and Dow Medical College, Karachi. )
Asif Hasan ( Surgical Unit I, Civil Hospital and Dow Medical College, Karachi. )
Mushtaq Ahmed ( Surgical Unit I, Civil Hospital and Dow Medical College, Karachi. )
Pattern of admissions in a general surgical unit was studied from January 1980 to July 1981. Of 1021 cases admitted 697 were non-emergency and 324 were emergency admissions.
Trauma and Appendicitis were the most common surgical emergencies, whereas Hernias, Anorectal conditions and diseases of the Gall bladder were the most frequent non-emergency admissions. The length of hospital stay in relation with Hernia and Anorectal conditions is critically studied (JPMA 32:187, 1982).
Pattern of admissions in hospitals can be taken as a guide to the prevalence of various diseases. It is likely to differ from one geographical area to another. However once ascertained it will help in the organisation of health services and may also promote research in prevalent diseases. Besides it may also help in planning medical education.
The present study was undertaken in a general surgical unit of a teaching hospital.
Material and Methods
All the patients admitted to Surgical Unit-I of Civil Hospital Karachi from January 1980 to July 1981 were included in the study.
The cases were recorded on a proforma and classified according to the Organ/System involved. The final diagnosis of these cases was based on clinical features and operative findings. In a few cases endoscopy and histology helped in the final diagnosis.
Patients admitted on emergency days were described as emergencies and those admitted on any other days were non-emergency admissions.