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December 1989, Volume 39, Issue 12

Short Reports

HYDATID DISEASE AT JINNAH POSTGRADUATE MEDICAL CENTRE KARACHI

Qamar Jamal  ( Department of Pathology, Basic Medical Sciences Institute, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. )
Naeem Aon Jafarey  ( Department of Pathology, Basic Medical Sciences Institute, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. )

INTRODUCTION

Except for case reports,1,2 no data on the frequency of Echinococcus infestation is available in Pakistan. In this article the frequency of Echinococcus infestation in surgical specimens received over 27 years is being presented.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The records of the Department of Pathology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi from 1961 to 1988 were searched for cases of Echinococcus infestation. During this period, of the 141,967 cases examined, 172 (0.1%) were diagnosed as Echinococcus infestation.

OBSERVATIONS

The distribution of the cases according to age, sex and different sites are shown in Tables I and II respectively,


a comparison with some other published series3,4 in Table III.

Liver and the lung account for a majority of the cases in all the three series. However, nearly every organ of thebody can be the site of infestation. Moreover, involvement of certain sites like neck, Vertebral Column, Ovaries, Spinal Cord, Cranial Cavity, Hip, Breasts and Pleura have not been reported in other series.

REFERENCES

1. Kazi,J.I., Khan, A. and Raza-ur-Rahman, S. Hydatid cyst of breast; a rarity. JPMA., 1987: 37: 330.
2. Zafar, A. and Latif, S. Hydatid cyst in the groin-a case report. JPMA., 1988; 38: 245.
3. Jidedjian, Y. Hydatid disease. Surgery, 1953; 34: 155.
4. Bickers, W.M. Hydatid disease of the female pelvis. Am. J. Obstet. Gynaecol., 1970; 107: 477.

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association has agreed to receive and publish manuscripts in accordance with the principles of the following committees: