Medical education is in a state of flux these days. Last quarter of a century has witnessed a sea change in the world of academic medicine. And like they say \'you ain\'t seen nothin yet\'!
Traditional curriculum has been all but substituted by other strategies, such as the Problem B
Objective: To assess ten-year and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risks in non-atherosclerotic subjects.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, Karachi, from July 2014 to March 2015, and comprised mal
Objective: To evaluate the change in the levels of anti-Mullerian hormone, adiponectin, weight loss and fertility parameters in obese women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome, following 12 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise.
Methods: This study was conducted from Aug
Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of axillary plexus blockade applied using ultrasound only and using ultrasound together with nerve stimulator in patients undergoing planned forearm, wrist or hand surgery.
Methods: This randomised, prospective, double-blinded, singl
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of health education programme on the knowledge of human papilloma virus among female medical students.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 at the Princess Nourah bint Abulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Objective: To assess personality type of medical students and associate it with their choice of medical specialty.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in February 2014 at one public and one private medical university of Karachi, and comprised medical students. A
Objective: To compare the effectiveness of intrauterine lidocaine infusion with lidocaine and intravenous tenoxicam for decreasing the pain levels associated with endometrial biopsy.
Methods: This double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted at Fatih Sultan Mehmet Tra
Objective: To assess awareness and attitude of medical students about organ donation.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and comprised medical students. The participants were asked about their religiou
Objective: To compare adverse maternal and foetal outcome in pregnant women with hepatitis E immunoglobulin M reactive versus non-reactive.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised records of pregnant patients
Objective: To assess the use of plain film radiology in the detection of fish and chicken bones in the upper aerodigestive tract.
Methods: This retrospective chart review was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised medical charts of patients who
Objective: To evaluate the trends in usage of dengue virus diagnostics in Pakistan.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data for specimens tested for dengue virus from January 2012 to December 2015. Test
Objectives: For assessing the use of if simulation training on animal cadavers as a useful tool for training in pleuroscopy.
Methods: The email-based cross-sectional study was conducted in December 2014 at Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore,
Objective: To examine the mediating role of maladaptive schemas between permissive/authoritarian parenting by fathers and personality disorders, including histrionic, antisocial, narcissistic and depressive attitudes among adults.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was cond
Objective: To evaluate respiratory function in the post-operative early period of patients undergoing bariatric surgery using the sleeve gastrectomy technique.
Methods: This prospective, observational study was conducted at Bülent Ecevit University Health Application and
Objective: To understand suicidal behaviour among people who inject drugs.
Methods: This correlational, cross-sectional study was conducted in two Pakistani cities of Gujrat and Jhelum from October 2015 to March 2016, and comprised male injecting-drug users aged18-60 years. M
Objective: To determine the relationship between eating behaviours and adiposity indicators including body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist-height ratio in adolescents.
Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at Kirklareli University Health College
Objective: To assess the association of arginine vasopressin receptor 1a gene single nucleotide polymorphisms with type I hepatorenal syndrome.
Methods: The case-control study was conducted at the Hangzhou City Xixi Hospital, Hangzhou, China, from January 2012 to June 2014, a
Objective: To study the causes, characteristics and outcome of treatment of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.
Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, and comprised data of patients with primary hyp
Objective: To demonstrate the morphological changes in number of seminiferous tubules that are produced by anthracycline doxorubicin on the testes of mice.
Methods: This experimental study was conducted at Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, from March to August 2012,
Background and objectives: Body mass index (BMI) has been shown to be a more important predictor of bone mineral density (BMD). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of anthropometric measures including body mass index with bone mineral density in postmenopausal n
Objective: To assess the impact of body mass index on early outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in terms of morbidity and mortality.
Methods: This retrospective comparative study was conducted at Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology, Multan, Pakistan, and co
Objective: To determine medical errors associated with communication failures among physicians and nurses.
Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted at 20 state hospitals and 14 training and research hospitals affiliated with the Istanbul City Health Dire
Objective: To assess the effect of smoking on hearing loss in factory workers with occupational noise exposure.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran, from May to July 2013, and comprised smoking and non-smo
Femtosecond laser has been introduced in refractive surgery to create a thin-hinged corneal flap without using any blade. The current review was planned to analyse and compare femtosecond-assisted laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK), the latest refractive procedure, with conventional techniques
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCCa) is a primary malignancy of the liver. Many different proteins are involved in HCCa including insulin growth factor (IGF) II , signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) 3, STAT4, mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4 (SMAD 4), fragile histidine t
To determine the perception of pathology as a future career choice among medical students of a private medical school from Karachi, Pakistan.
A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 201 students participated in this study.
Injuries and deaths due to road traffic crashes (RTC) are major public health concern. The Road Traffic Injury Research and Prevention Center, collects RTC data on injuries and fatalities from five emergency departments in Karachi. Data generating process (DGP) for RTC from 2007 to 2014, for mont
Enterobius vermicularis is a common intestinal nematode; however, rare extraintestinal Enterobius infections have been reported from different parts of the world. Here, we present a case of tubo-ovarian abscess in an otherwise healthy young sexually active female with no known comorbids with hist
Idiopathic Myelofibrosis is a rare myeloproliferative disorder. In children, it becomes even rarer. Herein, we report a case of idiopathic myelofibrosis of a 6-year old male patient who presented with complaints of pallor, petechiae and bleeding from gums. Bone marrow aspirate showed afragmented
Actinomycosis is caused by the Gram positive filamentous Actinomyces bacterial species that are normal commensals of the oral cavity. Due to their low virulence, disease is rare in the immune competent patient. Although it may afflict any system in the body, involvement of the musculoskeletal sys
Objective: To assess the three-dimensional vision syndrome among the viewers of three-dimensional movies.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Ziauddin University, Karachi, from July to November 2015 among viewers of three-dimensional movies. The frequency
Madam, this year; 1,685,210 people are expected to be diagnosed with cancer and about 595,690 people to die of it in USA alone.1 It\'s even more alarming that these figures are greater than the combined stats of diagnosed cancers and cancer related mortalities from 2008-2
Madam, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disorder with <10% prevalence in East Asia alone. Since 1995, there has been a gradual increase in its incidence.1 It is a very common reason for consultation in primary care. GERD can cause Barret\'s esophagus
Madam, the need to focus on public health perspective and personnel has been identified quite often.1,2 Interestingly, Public health in Pakistan dates back to more than three decades; the conference on "Role of hospitals in primary health care"3
Thyroid function is closely interlinked with pregnancy. Maternal and foetal outcomes can be improved if optimal thyroid function is achieved, and maintained prior to conception. This needs a systematic approach which includes rational screening, appropriate management, and pragmatic counseling. T
This article describes a simple framework to prevent hypoglycaemia. Four strategies of prevention are detailed, which correspond to four levels of prevention (primordial, primary, secondary and tertiary). This framework, given the mnemonic ASAP (As Soon As Possible) includes action to Anticipate
The Berlin Declaration is a landmark call to action, which encourages policy makers to take early action to halt the type 2 diabetes epidemic. It emphasizes the need for prevention, early detection, early control, and early access to the right interventions. We believe these four pillars of early
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