A recent report issued by the British Heart Foundation said, "More than 20 million people in the UK are physically inactive. Inactivity increases the risk of heart disease and costs the NHS around £1.2bn each year."1
Seventeen years ago in 2005, the
Methods: This study was conducted in December 2014 and comprised female mice that were divided into four groups: group A served as cont
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of medium fidelity simulator in teaching normal vaginal delivery to medical students.
Methods: The quasi-experimental study was conducted at the professional development centre of the Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, from June
Objective: To compare different support therapies in very low birth-weight preterm neonates with nosocomial sepsis.
Methods: This clinical pilot study was conducted at the Bagcilar Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turke
Objective: To assess the effect of a multidisciplinary approach on the outcome of treatment for hepatitis C virus infection.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the gastroenterology division by primary care providers at Phoenix VA Healthcare system in Phoenix,
Objective: To investigate the seasonal distribution of immature habitat of Aedes aegypti mosquito species and its association with environmental and climatic conditions.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in eight pa
Objective: To determine the burden on the caregivers of patients receiving dialysis treatment.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in four different dialysis centres of Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from June 1 to December1, 2015, and comprised attendants of patients
Objective: To determine the mean post-operative pain in scalpel versus diathermy opening of midline laparotomies.
Methods: The randomised controlled study was conducted at Civil Hospital and Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, from May to November 2010, and comprised
Objective: To find the prevalence and to identify the predictors of non-suicidal self-injury among school-going children.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Gujrat, Gujrat Pakistan, from September 2015 to October 2016, and comprised childr
Objective: To elucidate the genetic risk and role of alpha-synuclein gene in the pathogenesis of Parkinson\'s disease in Pakistani population.
Methods: This case-control study was conducted at Institute of Biomedical and Genetic Engineering (IBGE), Islamabad from May 2013
Objective: To translate, adapt and validate shorter version of positive affect and negative affect scale on Pakistani corporate employees.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi from October 2014 to December 2015. The
Objective: To verify whether micro ribonucleic acid 34-a can exert its negative effects in human neuroblastoma cells.
Methods: The study was conducted at The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China during 15 months (from March 2015 to about June 2
Objective: To determine efficacy of the Urdu version of Dental Subscale of Children\'s Fear Survey Schedule on children for identifying children with dental anxiety.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Children\'s Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, in Novem
Objective: To translate and validate Generalized Anxiety Disorder -7scale in Urdu, for use in Pakistan in the primary healthcare setups.
Methods: The validation study was conducted at the Combined Military Hospital, Gilgit, Pakistan, from February to May 2016.We followed a s
Objective: To determine the carbapenemases in carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter species.
Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from March to December 2014, and comprised Acinetobacter
Objective: To assess early embryo development via time-lapse in smokers and non-smokers.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Novafertil IVF centers in Konya, Turkey and comprised oocytes of both smoker and non-smok
Objective: To find out any differences in free flow of internal mammary artery among different ethnic groups.
Methods: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Civil Hospital, Karachi, from January 2013 to December 2015, and comprised patients
Objective: To investigate dietary habits, lifestyle pattern and obesity in young university students.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed at the Rabigh campus of King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, from March to May 2016, and comprised healthy male
Objectives: To analyse the prevalence of myths among women regarding growth and health-related issues of children, and to study the impact of basic demographic factors in this regard.
Methods: The educational, cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out at the Combined
Objective: To assess whether the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale is a valid and reliable scale for Turkish mothers, and to assess maternal attitudes toward various aspects of infant feeding.
Methods: This methodological, analytical study was conducted at the obstetrics and
Objective: To perform a meta-analysis on the precision and safety of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy versus conventional manual continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis.
Methods: This meta-analysis was conducted from February 2010 to November 2014. Literature sea
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a group of haematological malignant disorders. Although not a new disease, many studies have been conducted to explore AML etiology, pathogenesis and prognosis at molecular level over the past two decades. A meticulous and conti
It is considered that people from poor countries get depressed which ultimately leads to suicide. It is estimated that one million people commit suicide every year worldwide. It is considered from statistics that global annual suicide fatalities could rise to 1.5 million by 2020. Economically and
A cross-sectional survey was done at the Section of Chemical Pathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, AKUH, Karachi, to determine frequency of Zn deficiency, the second major micronutrient deficiency in developing countries, in subjects coming for investigations. Data of plasma
The prevalence of pandemic and viral diseases like dengue, diphtheria, Congo virus and now influenza A (H1N1) virus (swine flu) has been creating trouble among the residents of Punjab, Pakistan due to high mortality rates. People have not yet forgotten the dramatic spread and the resulting deaths
Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The genus Mycobacterium comprises over 150 species. Non-tuberculosis Mycobacteria are the cause of opportunistic infections and frequently presents with similar clinical features like tuberculosis so species
We report a case of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) related pelvic abscess caused by a challenging to grow anaerobic Gram positive rod named Eggerthella lenta. A middle aged lady presented with complaints of lower abdomen pain, intermittent vaginal bleeding since two weeks. Ultrasound of
Thromboembolic events in patients with cancer are frequently reported in literature and usually involve the venous circulation. De novo thrombus formation in the arterial system without any underlying atherosclerosis, dissection or aneurysm is extremely rare. We report the case of a patient with
Menkes disease (MD) (OMIM: 309400) is also known as kinky hair disease, trichopoliodystrophy, and steely hair. A 7-months-old, male infant presented to our outpatient department in June 2016 with history of developmental delay and seizures. Seizures started at 3 months of age and worsened progres
A 75-year-old man underwent implantation of a single chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention of his underlying severe non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy. Thirteen months later, he presented to the emergency room(ER) with inappropriate ICD shocks as a result of over s
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are acid-fast bacteria categorized into rapidly growing and slow growing mycobacteria. NTM are more common in transplant patients who are immunocompromised. Here we report the case of a post- bone marrow transplant adolescent male presenting with submandib
Stroke is a common disabling condition which declines the functional and mobility level. The purpose of the case series was to determine the effect of virtual reality training on sensorimotor function and mobility level in stroke patients. Ten male (40-60 year) patients of stroke (08 Infarction,
Whipple\'s pancreaticoduodenectomy has been refined over the years to be a safe operation though the morbidity rate still remains high (30-50%). Pancreatic fistula is the most important cause of mortality following pancreaticoduodenectomy. To prevent it, surgeons have used two anastomotic techn
This article discusses a comprehensive approach to the management of diabetes distress. It mentions the screening and diagnosis of diabetes distress, and discusses its etiopathogenesis, investigations and management strategies in detail. The management of diabetes distress, termed as diabetes the
There is ample discussion about the role of added sugar in the development of metabolic syndrome, and how to minimize it. However, the impact of salt on metabolic syndrome is not understood by many primary care providers. There is minimal discussion in medical literature on patient friendly means
Goal of surgery for patients with Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is gross total resection with no new neurological deficits. Surgical resection is often restricted due the difficulty in differentiating the tumour from surrounding normal brain using either naked eye, or standard intra-operative whi
Madam, diet and exercise influence life in many ways. In fact, people are always in pursuit of diets that are effective and easy to follow. Studies show that the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH diet) and The Mediterranean diet are beneficial for weight loss, glycaemic control in diabe
Madam, given the importance of pathologists,1 the brilliant efforts of Ghanchi et al.2 in determining perceptions of pathology as a future career choice, are to be commended. However, we believe that some of the essential limitations have not been add
The study was a cross-sectional evaluation of perceptions of students in different years of their medical education and may show trends which are specific to a particular cohort within the medical college.
This study was a snapshot of one medical college and we selected only Students of A
Primary health care (PHC) is the best approach to achieve health goals in a country. As medical students are a prominent part of future health care providers, it is important to assess their knowledge regarding basic concepts and functions of PHC. Total 400 medical students, 200 (50%) each from p
Madam, the global epidemic of obesity has not spared Pakistan and warrants immediate attention. This is especially important in South Asia, where malnutrition is given its due attention, whereas obesity tends to be overlooked. Not only is obesity an independent determinant of poor health outcomes
Madam, by definition, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the medically unexplained death of a seemingly healthy newborn. Although the pathophysiology of SIDS has not been established, studies have identified several risk factors. The incidence of SIDS peaks between the ages of two to four mon
This journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics.