Antibiotic resistance has risen alarmingly and has emerged as a major health threat in not only the west but also in resource poor countries of Asia.1,2 It has been documented in all health care settings, particularly in high-risk areas such as intensive care units, surgica
Stroke is the leading cause of death worldwide and a major contributor to long-term adult hood disability. Acute stroke care and long-term rehabilitation has improved substantially in the developed countries in the last three decades.1 Although Pakistani healthcare system h
Objective: To determine the perceptions of house officers working in hospitals about joining anaesthesiology as a career.
Methods: This quantitative, descriptive questionnaire-based study was carried out from September 2014 to February 2015 in 26 teaching hospitals of Lahore
Objective: To compare environmental perception as measured by the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure of students with high and low academic performance.
Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was carried out at the Gujranwala Medical College, Gujranwala, Pa
Objective: To compare the pattern of Vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms (Apa I and Fok I) in Type I Diabetes mellitus (T1DM) as cases vs healthy population as control and to investigate the association of VDR polymorphism with vitamin D levels in cas
Objective: To explore the usefulness of neck circumference as a supplemental tool for diagnosing metabolic syndrome while identifying its cut-off values.
Methods: This case-control study was conducted at Dr. Essa\'s Laboratory and Diagnostic Centre, Karachi, from December 2
Objective: To study the effects of ethanol vapour exposure on atrial and ventricular walls of heart in chick embryo.
Methods: The study design was experimental, conducted at Islamabad Centre of College of Physicians and Surgeons, Pakistan. One hundred and eighty chicken eggs
Objective: To determine the prevalence of Enterococcus faecalis and recent trends in antimicrobial sensitivity profiling.
Methods: The study was conducted at Chughtais Lahore Lab, Lahore, Pakistan, from December 2013 to May 2014, and comprised urine specimens from suspected p
Objective: To determine the trends of acute poisoning in terms of frequency, nature of poisoning agent, clinical presentation and its outcome.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of patients who prese
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of physical abuse among domestic child labours and to assess the nutritional status by calculating the Body Mass Index of children involved in domestic labour in Karachi.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in the squatter se
Objective: To identify major dietary patterns and examine their association with anthropometric, lifestyle and socio-economic factors among women belonging to different communities living in Karachi.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Karachi from June 2014
Objective: To find the bacterial and biochemical details of bags used in platelet transfusion.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at a tertiary care hospital of Saudi Arabia (King Khalid Hospital, Najran) from January to June 2012, and comprised platelet bags
Objective: To study the effect of hypertension on lipid levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: This prospective, observational study was conducted at 1 Mountain Medical Battalion, Bagh, Azad Kashmir, from May 2012 to April 2015, and comprised adult type 2
Objective: To assess whether high-risk elderly patients with aggressive tumour biology can be offered standard treatment despite having multiple comorbid conditions.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre
Objective: To determine the frequency and types of age-related cataract in type 2 diabetic patients compared to non-diabetics.
Methods: This comparative, cross-sectional study was carried out at Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, from July 2014 to June 2015, and comprised both
Objective: To report the distribution and pattern of implant replacement of missing tooth/teeth.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, and used data of patients who had undergone implant replacement of missing tee
Objective: Purpose of the study is to determine the frequency of dysphagia after stroke and to see the factors associated with it.
Methods: Cross Sectional study design was used by including individuals
Objective: To evaluate the anti-dyslipidaemic effects of pioglitazone in diet-induced non-diabetic hyperlipidaemic rats and to compare them with gemfibrozil.
Methods: This comparative animal study was co
Objective: To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of the most common bacterial and fungal infections among infected diabetic patients.
Methods: This study was conducted at the Umm Al-Qura Universi
Objective: To determine friend leukaemia integration 1 transcription factor protein expression in cases of Ewing sarcoma.
Methods: This retrospective, descriptive study was conducted at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology,
Objective: To measure plasma levels of chitinase-3-like 1 protein and its association with malondialdehyde in Behcet\'s disease patients.
Methods: The case-control study was conducted at Faculty of Med
Objective: To ascertain the prevalence of hyperthermia and different categories of hypothermia among the cases of probable and culture-proven neonatal sepsis, and to evaluate association of mortality rate with axillary temperature at admission.
Objective: To investigate the research progress of Gulf Cooperation Council countries in science and social sciences.
Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from June 2014 to Februar
Proton pump inhibitors are most widely prescribed medicines all over the world. Since their introduction in pharmacy, life of millions of people has changed completely. Their ability to inhibit acid secretion in stomach has changed the natural history of many once-dreaded conditions like peptic u
Domestic violence is a pandemic and estimated to affect one in three women globally, in their lifetime. Marriages within blood relations in Pakistan are common. In this study a secondary analysis of Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012-13 was done to study the prevalence and profile of dom
We report a case with calciphylaxis very rarely presenting with bilateral optic neuropathy, acral gangrene and visceral ischaemia. Bilateral papilloedaema was found in a 43 year-old female with chronic renal failure. Acral dry gangrene was observed. Pathologica
Catamenial pneumothorax (CP) is a rare and complex clinical condition caused by endometrial tissues, commonly found in reproductive women (age 15-49 years).Its diagnosis is often delayed or overlooked by clinicians, which may result in recurrent hospitalization
Anterior Cruciate ligament (ACL) is a typical athletic injury. One of the most frequent complication after ACL reconstruction is reduced range of motion (ROM) due to the impingement on the inter-condylar notch of a fibrous tissue mass, defined as Cyclops Syndro
The presented case evaluates the treatment of an alveolar fracture associated with mandibular immature lower permanent incisors. An 8-year-old girl was referred to our clinic 3 hours after the trauma. The clinical and radiographic examination of the alveoler bone showed a fracture, along with the
Solid pseudo-papillary tumour of pancreas is a rare neoplasm having a low malignant potential. It mostly affects young adolescent females. We report an unusual case of an 18 year old male with a mass in the mesocolon which was reported as solid pseudo-papillary tumour of pancreas. This case is un
We report a case of Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) presenting without typical skin lesion; atypical symptoms initially appeared following influenza infection. A 4-year-old girl with influenza presented with epigastric pain and vomiting. On physical examination, there was epigastric tenderness, bu
Objective: To determine blood lead level in young children visiting tertiary care hospitals.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from February to April 2015 at Khyber Teaching Hospital, Kuwait Teaching Hospital and Siffat Ghayoor Memorial Children\'s Hospital,
Madam, Pakistan is going through a phase of \'demographic transition \'with a big portion of population comprising of children.1 Adolescent health is one of the areas of major health concern in Pakistan2 which constitute 32.6% of Pakistan\'s pop
A variety of injectable therapies are now available for use in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus, when metformin alone proves inadequate. These injectable therapies include basal insulins, glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP1RA), co-formulations of basal insulin with GLP1RA, and pre
This article encapsulates pragmatic advice that is necessary to ensure safe travel for people with diabetes. Written in simple words, it empowers the primary care physician to answer questions that are frequently asked by patients planning travel. It includes discussion on insulin dose adjustment
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